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Guide | LED Lighting | LED vs T8 vs T5 | LED Solar | LED Trials | E-Waste | LED vs Halogen | Standards | Packaging
Unlike CFLs, LED Lamps contain no mercury. For more on Fluorescent lamps and mercury, see end-of-life management and Mercury in Fish .
The Operating temperatures Manufacturers specify on packaging should also be noted.
Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) are the new source of Energy Efficient Lighting. LEDs provide more light for less energy. LEDs also last a long time.
LEDs have been around for a while. Their low energy use has made them particularly valuable for heavy/extended use, emergency and portable lighting. Where you want the light to last as long as possible on your battery or other form of emergency power supply. LED emergency lighting is used in Aircraft and in domestic torches and fire alarms.
Low voltage (typically 12V) ropes of LED fairy lights, Solar Powered garden lights and strips of LEDs have enabled creative lighting of domestic spaces, for sometime. In recent years, LED direct replacements for standard fittings have appeared on the market. In addition to requiring less energy to provide more light, LEDs are also available in Dimmable and for use with movement detectors to provide active lighting.
There are LED direct replacement alternatives for 12V DC Two Pin Halogen - MR16 GU5.3(pins) 290lm or 240V MR16 GU10; 240V AC E15 (small edison Screw for multi-globe light fittings); 240V AC E27(Edison Screw) and B22 (Bayonette); T8 Fluourescent Tubes and Flood Lights.
While this guide focuses on Energy use and source (voltage and fittings), these are not the only considerations in selecting lighting. The type of lighting required is also a consideration - warm white, dimmable, white, other colours, low light, safety lighting etc. New LED products are emerging which provide the opportunity for new ways of lighting spaces.
The Operating temperatures Manufacturers specify on packaging should also be noted.
Energy Use (Watts) for Light (Lumens) Comparison
Electricity rate is charged in KWh (ie 1000Watts x hours).
|Light Provided||LED information from Packaging||
Source: CFL Halogen and Incandescent globe ratings Australian Government Light Globe Conversion Guide for 5-12W CFLs (no LED information provided)
|220lm||4.5W (provides 290lm)||5-7W||18W||25W|
|420lm||12W (provides 650lm)||7-8W||28W||40W|
|820lm Warm White||10W||75W|
|There are a wide range of bright LED Lamps now available in Sydney|
|Warm White=1080Lm, Cool White=1240Lm||13W||26W||60W||-|
LED Lamps which have been available in Sydney
7 April 2013: Installed one Osram small round LED lamp (B22) in right hand socket of light fitting. Osram 4W lamp was $18
7 April 2013: Installed 4 LiquidLEDs Opaque(pearl) Candles (small bayonette B15, 44LEDs, 3W) in Chandelier. Left 1 clear incandescent (40W) in place. The LiquidLED Candles were $18.
27 December 2012: Phillips myvision LED Lamps are finally on the Shelf!
Phillips E14 Candle (4W Warm White 250 lm) was shorter than the Osram E14 Candle though both were larger than the Osram Halogen E14 Candles. Two Phillips E14 Candles fitted into one Fan/Light fitting where the Osram model was too big. Two Phillips B22 (9.5W Warm White 600lm) fitted into a Fan/Light with a larger lamp cover. Price $20.
It is worth noting that the light fittings were rated at maximum 25W lamps and the halogen lamp was 28W. So, before installing such fittings, care should be taken to ensure they will allow enough lighting in the room.
23 November 2012: Osram Candle 4.2W-E14 (small screw base), 4.5W-E27(LED STAR CLASSIC A 25) and 4W-B22 available at Bunnings at $18 pricepoint. 8-10W Lamps at $30. Also GU10s.
On 27 December, an unsuccessful attempt was made to install the Osram E14 Candles into a Ceiling Fan/Light fitting. The lamps rated at 4W in a 25W fitting appeared ideal - however, the cover would not fit. The Phillips E14 Lamps were satisfactory.
A Warm White 250lm 4.5W-E27(LED STAR CLASSIC A 25), with a 3 year guarantee, was installed in a path bollard (lit 9-13 hours/day 365days/year) on 23 November 2012. Though unlike the Liquid LED Lamp installed in an adjoining Bollard, most of the light from the Osram lamps is directed into the top of the bollard as online documentation (none provided on the packaging) for other Osram lamps indicates a 90° Beam Spread.
Available in Sydney Hardware Store 8 November 2012
Viri Bright 5 Watt Warm White 300lm 270° beam lamp installed 3 December 2012 price $14.95. The lamp was installed 3 December 2012. There were B22 and E27, Warm White and Bright White models was rated at Higher lumens for same (5W) energy use.
10W Viri Bright LED Lamp purchased from Electronics Store. Specs: 820lm (equivalent of 75W Incandescent), Warm White, 10W, dimmable, Beam Spread:270°, Price:AUD29.95.
The Sydney store also stocked a 10W, 900lm Natural Light model. The 5W model was AUD14
Tao Class 1 LED (1W) (240V)- Multiple LEDs - light is dispersed through sides - wasted in this light fitting. Cute transparent base lets you see inner workings - Capacitor, Resistor etc. Not bright enough for reading lamp. But perhaps useful in a location where a low level lighting is required for extended periods (eg overnight) - perhaps too bright for a bedroom night light.
3W Single LED Woolworths Essentials (GU10-S50 3W 45) (240V). More at Mains voltage LED Downlights to Save Energy
GU5.3 MR16 4.5W 290lm LED Lamp
BICHURY MR16 NORMAL GU5.3 (12Volt) two-pin connectors.
GU10 MR16 is a two pin Bayonette fitting - for 240V
It was reported that replacing one of the halogen downlights with this lamp, did not result in the interference with the TV signal, experienced when an individual Halogen was replaced by alternate cheaper LED lamps. The light level was also good from the Bichury.
The 10Watt LED lamp replaced a 24Watt Compact Flourescent Lamp (CFL) in a kitchen, with poor natural light, on Friday 28 September 2012. Despite the packaging stating no flicker - the lamp (labelled at 240V 50/60Hz) did flicker. It is being tested in a second location. The lamp flickered in this fitting too and was replaced with another 10W LED Lamp.
The the attributes of the lamp, listed on the packaging, include: No flicker, No UV radiation, no RF interference, Instant soft start, Operation temperature: -20°C to +40°C and working temperature < 55°C
13W LED downlight ( EV-DL-U13D-90-WW) supplied by Enviromental LED Lighting Solutions. In the photographs it is clipped onto a Raku Pot.
"The Enviro 13 watt Dimmable LED downlight is designed to replace 60 Watt halogen downlight and 26 Watt compact fluorescent recessed can trims. The 13W LED Down Light features one single high powered 13W Epistar chip"...enviroledlighting.com.au
3W Bayonette (B22) Direct Replacement Lamp - with 44 LEDs
Rated equiv of 15-25W Incandescent, Dimmable, warm white, 360degree light beam, 90lumen 15000 hours, suitable for outdoor use to -40degrees celsius.
1. Installed 10 May 2012 in hallway, turned on manually perhaps for 4-5 hours a day.
Standard Form Edison Screw (E27) Direct Replacement Lamp with 80 LEDs 3W
Clear White 3W (4.1WattAC) Dimable (shown) has 80LEDs and is rated at 360°rees; 180Lumen and 15000 hours, was priced at $24.95.
Lamp was Installed 2nd January 2012 on timer for 4-5 hours/day then relocated 5 May 2012 to path light - 9-13 hours/day 365 days/year
OSRAM 12W Parathom(r) Pro and Classic A 60 (LED) outshines a 14W CFL
The Parathom(r) Pro and Classic A 60, lamps are marketed as equivalent to a 50W Incandescent and rated at 650lm (lumens), 3000K (Warm White), 25000hours/10,000 on/off and dimmable - cost AU$30.
Installed 23rd December 2012 in office environment (turned on manually afternoon and nights)
"Daylight for work rooms and Warm White for comfortable light in living rooms". (90 °)... - http://www.osram.com.au/_regional_APAC/pdf/Professional/General_Lighting/OSRAM_LEDr_Brochure_062011_lowres.pdf
OSRAM 12W Parathom(r) Pro and Classic A 60 (LED)
Installed in a Tastic, in a Bathroom without any natural light.
2.3W E27 LED
The 2.3W LED Lamp energy use is half the 5W Fluorescent (CFL) Lamp it replaced - which is half the energy use for the same hours of lighting. This was the first direct replacement E27 lamp available in Sydney, however, after failing three times appears to have been a flawed design.
Replacement lamp installed mid february 2012 failed May 2012 (Lamp works erratically ie sometimes lights up some time after it is turned on).
|Active Pantry Lighting|
|LED Strip for Under Cabinet lighting (eg in Kitchen)|
|LED Panel Lighting Form|
www.ramin.com.au/eco-sydney/LED-Lighting-guide.shtml © Ramin Communications 2012. Last modified 9 April 2013.