Annandale NSW Australia -33.8814; 151.1707

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Anecdotal History

Aboriginal Australia | 1770-1823 | 1823-1876 | 1876-1889 | 1890-1900 | 1900-1915 | 1916-1930 | 1931-1938 | 1939-1945 | 1945-1955 | 1956-1969 | 1970-1998 | 1998-2007 | 2008-2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | 2016 | 2017 | 2018 | 2019 | 2020 | 2021 | 2022 | 2023 | 2024 | What's on | Blog | Instagram

Aboriginal "Australia"

The Gadigal Clan lived on the Southern side of the Sydney Harbour in a landscape of Iron Bark and Turpentine Forrest. There is evidence of human society, in the area, dating back 15,000 years.

"Indigenous stone axe with a 34-cm-long wooden handle, or haft, from the Sydney region, dating from before European contact..." - indigenous-hafted-axe-from-sydney

Balls Head: the excavation of a Port Jackson rock shelter etching of a mans head and shoulders

"Aboriginal Man of NSW"

man standing head and chest of woman

Images are From State Records NSW:Reel 2786

"Pemulwuy was a Bidjigal warrior who led the Eora and surrounding nations in the first major response to the invading British from 1790 to 1802. Indeed, the lands we've come to know as Sydney were occupied during the last 14 years of his life...." - Pemulwuy The Rainbow Warrior (Gadigal Information Service)

"The tribes derive their appellations from the places they inhabit. Thus Cemeeragal, means the men who reside in the bay of Cameera; Cedigal, those who reside in the bay of Cadi; and so of the others. The women of the tribe are denoted by adding 'eean' to any of the foregoing words. A Cadigaleean imports a woman living at Cadi, or of the tribe of Cadigal"....A Complete Account of the Settlement at Port Jackson, Watkin Tench. Viewed 26 March 2014,

"While the people were employed on shore, the natives came several times among them, and behaved with a kind of cautious friendship. One evening while the seine was hauling, some of them were present, and expressed great surprise at what they saw, giving a shout expressive of astonishment and joy when they perceived the quantity that was caught. No sooner were the fish out of the water than they began to lay hold of them, as if they had a right to them, or that they were their own; upon which the officer of the boat, I think very properly, restrained them, giving, however, to each of them a part. They did not at first seem very well pleased with this mode of procedure, but on observing with what justice the fish was distributed they appeared content."..
"However, I am well convinced that they know and dread the superiority of our arms, notwithstanding this show of indifference, as they, on all occasions, have discovered a dislike to a musquet: and so very soon did they make themselves acquainted with the nature of our military dress, that, from the first, they carefully avoided a soldier, or any person wearing a red coat, which they seem to have marked as a fighting vesture. Many of their warriors, or distinguished men, we observed to be painted in stripes across the breast and back, which at some little distance appears not unlike our soldiers' cross belts. "..
"This day, for the first time, a Kangaroo was shot and brought into camp. Some of the natives passed pretty close to the Sirius, without seeming to express, by their countenance or actions, either fear, curiosity, or surprise."... Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales , John White (1757/8-1832)

First Fleet Drawings people of Sydney Cove

As the fruit ripened, Locals, who were bound by custodial obligations and rights, sent out messengers to invite people from hundreds of kilometres to meet at specific sites. The meetings involved ceremonies, dispute settlements and fights, marriage arrangements and the trading of goods....Bunya Season

"The accurately observed and dispassionate portraits give a unique record of some of the key individuals to interact with the settlers.
Within a year of the arrival of the First Fleet, the aboriginal people of the Sydney area began to die of diseases, mainly smallpox, introduced by the colonists." -

Fishing scene with musical instruments

Macquarie's 1816 Proclamations

"First, —That from and after the Fourth Day of June next ensuing, that being the Birth-Day of His MOST GRACIOUS MAJESTY KING GEORGE the THIRD, no Black Native, or Body of Black Natives shall ever appear at or within one Mile of any Town, Village, or Farm , occupied by, or belonging to any British Subject, armed with any warlike or offensive Weapon or Weapons of any Description, such as Spears, Clubs, or Waddies, on Pain of being deemed and considered in a State of Aggression and Hostility, and treated accordingly." ...1816 'Proclamation,.', The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), 4 May, p. 1, viewed 20 June, 2013,

"WHEREAS the sanguinary Disposition of certain BANDITTI or TRIBES of the BLACK NATIVES, which had been for some Time manifested by their frequently committing the most wanton and barbarous MURDERS on several of His Majesty's Subjects residing in the remote Settlements, rendered it expedient and necessary to send Military Parties in pursuit of them, with a View by inflicting summary Punish- ment on some, to deter others from a Repetition of such atrocious and cruel Outrages:" ...1816 'Proclamation,.', The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842), 3 August, p. 1, viewed 20 June, 2013,

More at

Douglas Grant (1885?-1951)

One of Annandale's ANZACs...more

1967 Referendum

..."The people of any race, other than the aboriginal race in any State, for whom it is deemed necessary to make special laws"..."Section 127 was wholly removed. Headed "Aborigines not to be counted in reckoning population"..."Aboriginal people became Australian citizens in 1949, when a separate Australian citizenship was created for the first time (before that time all Australians, including Aborigines, were "British subjects"). Aboriginal people from Queensland and Western Australia gained the vote in Commonwealth elections in 1962. "...,_1967_%28Aboriginals%29


"The Redfern Park Speech was made on 10 December 1992 by the Prime Minister of Australia, Paul Keating at Redfern Park in Redfern, Sydney"...


2017: ‘Uluru Statement from the Heart’

"A constitutional convention bringing together over 250 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander leaders met last month at the foot of Uluru in Central Australia on the lands of the Aṉangu people.
The majority resolved, in the ‘Uluru Statement from the Heart’, to call for the establishment of a ‘First Nations Voice’ in the Australian Constitution and a ‘Makarrata Commission’ to supervise a process of ‘agreement-making’ and ‘truth-telling’ between governments and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. " ...more

Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Co-operative

55-59 Flood St, Leichhardt

The Boomalli Aboriginal Artist Co-operative's name means "to strike or to make a mark", in at least three languages spoken in the surrounding areas - Bundjalung, Gamileroi and Wiradjuri.

Lines in the Sand BOTANY BAY STORIES from 1770 (5.4MB PDF)

This page last updated 31 March 2022