Each book in this series is a self guided historical walk through Annandale. Each walk explores the people and construction of Annandale. Each book covers two decades of Annandales History a hundred years apart. The first book in the series, 1890s Annandale: A Short Walk, covers the 1790s and 1890s.
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Source: Figure 3-1: Sydney City Precincts, pg 34, Greater Sydney Commission Draft Central District Plan November 2016 downloaded 24Nov2016 from greater.sydney/draft-district-plans-update
Below are extracts from the Draft Central District Plan which is on public exhibition until the end of March 2017. Draft Plan can be downloaded from greater.sydney/draft-district-plans-update.
Maps from the Westconnex Project and the Parramatta Road renewal are also included.
Comment on the Draft Central District Plan before the end of March 2017 via greater.sydney/draft-district-plans-update
"One of these is The Bays Precinct, located two kilometres from Sydney CBD around sites such as the heritage-listed White Bay Power Station, Glebe Island, White Bay, Rozelle Bay, and Blackwattle Bay including the Sydney Fish Market. It offers an opportunity to extend the Sydney City westwards, deliver innovation, and attract jobs of the future."
Source: pg 35 Greater Sydney Commission Draft Central District Plan November 2016 downloaded 24Nov2016 from greater.sydney/draft-district-plans-update
The Parramatta Road Corridor Urban Transformation Strategy and Implementation Tool Kit were released in November 2016. The Strategy is an integrated land use planning and transport framework that establishes the vision for a high quality multi-use Corridor with improved transport choices, better amenity and balanced growth of housing and jobs. This will guide the delivery of 27,000 new homes and 50,000 new jobs in a range of industries across the Corridor over the next 30 years. The Implementation Tool Kit responds to community priorities for more open space and more appealing streets, reduced traffic congestion, improved public transport and a better environment for residents and business.
The eight 'Precincts' along the Corridor were identified in consultation with local councils. These Precincts have been earmarked for renewal because of their unique access to jobs, transport, infrastructure and services, and their ability to accommodate new development in a balanced way.
Within the West Central District there are precincts at Granville and Auburn. Within the Central District there are precincts at Homebush, Burwood-Concord, Kings Bay, Taverners Hill, Leichhardt and Camperdown.
The Strategy fosters communities that are walkable and connected, development that is of a high standard and respects heritage, with the facilities that enhance communities and cater for a diverse range of needs. Delivery of the Strategy is supported by the $198 million Urban Amenity Improvement Plan which will deliver upgrades of existing facilities and fund new infrastructure to support growing communities. The plan includes including funding for streetscape upgrades, creation of new or improved open spaces, urban plazas and town squares, and new walking and cycling links to key transport nodes and open spaces."
Source: pg 44 Greater Sydney Commission Draft Central District Plan November 2016 downloaded 24Nov2016 from greater.sydney/draft-district-plans-update
The NSW Government is delivering on and investing in a range of transport projects in the Eastern City, including:
The Council will:
pg97/98 Greater Sydney Commission Draft Central District Plan November 2016 downloaded 24Nov2016 from greater.sydney/draft-district-plans-update3.6 Improving 30-minute access to jobs and services
The Central District’s community has identified traffic congestion and parking provision as important issues to be addressed. While many believe public transport and reduced car ownership would be effective in managing traffic congestion, it was noted that some people may need to travel by car (such as people with limited mobility and/or young children). The community also expressed the view that better integration across public transport modes would benefit the District. Enhancing access to a broader range of jobs and services within 30 minutes is a key consideration of Our vision — Towards our Greater Sydney 2056 and this draft District Plan. This ambition relies upon better transport connections and stronger strategic and district economic and employment centres.
Greater Sydney’s evolution to a metropolis of three cities will provide better access to hubs of major economic activity. New housing will be focused on transport corridors and around employment centres to increase the proportion of people living within easy access of jobs and services.
The objective of a 30-minute city does, however, go beyond accessing major job centres of metropolitan significance. It includes access to health services, education, local employment opportunities, retail shops, public open spaces and recreational facilities around strategic and district centres.
With Sydney City as its global focus, the Eastern City is supported by corridors of activities which connect it to international trade gateways, health and education precincts and major commercial areas. Improving transport connections along these corridors and between employment centres in the District will support further growth of knowledge-intensive jobs in the Eastern City.
The NSW Government has invested in a number of important transformational transport infrastructure projects, which will strengthen the existing linkages and expand the network of highly accessible nodes across the Eastern City.
In addition to the Sydney Metro and the CBD and South East Light Rail projects, which were discussed earlier in this chapter, the NSW Government is investing in a range of transport initiatives to enhance 30-minute accessibility within the District. These include:
These opportunities will be considered in further detail as part of the development of the Future Transport Strategy by Transport for NSW.
We will collaborate with Transport for NSW and relevant stakeholders to maximise the economic and land use opportunities created by investment in transport infrastructure and to integrate land use and transport planning outcomes.
This will happen particularly during 2017, as we concurrently review A Plan for Growing Sydney and build on these District Plans. Potential medium and longer term transport infrastructure considerations include:
The NSW Government has announced a new underground metro railway line will be built between Parramatta City and Sydney City to help cater for Sydney’s growth.
Sydney Metro West will provide a direct connection between the Parramatta City and Sydney City, linking communities not previously serviced by rail as well as supporting growth between the two major centres.
The Sydney Metro West project will focus on a corridor between the Parramatta River and existing T1 Western Line, because of the greater potential to transform communities, create new ones and link them using a new state-of the art public transport system.
The project supports the Greater Sydney Commission’s vision for the Central City that is connected to the established Eastern City by providing improved travel times and service frequency between these two centres.
Four key precincts to be serviced have initially been identified:
The existing T1 Western Line – which is more than a century old – is expected to be overcrowded by the early 2030s, despite ongoing upgrade works and more services. The NSW Government has identified the need for the project and committed to delivering it. Beyond this corridor, opportunities to extend the line east and west will also be considered.
As part of the development of the Future Transport Strategy, Transport for NSW will investigate the feasibility of a new mass transit corridor to the south east of the District to serve the area beyond 2031. The Commission will work with Transport for NSW to investigate potential routes that will provide the maximum benefits to the District in terms of jobs, housing and liveability outcomes.
The south eastern area of the District comprises several key enterprise hubs, two of Australia’s key transport gateways as well as the iconic coastal strip to La Perouse. While the CBD and South East Light Rail project improves accessibility to the north of this area, the southernmost parts are relatively isolated, affecting residents, freight and businesses within the area.
There is potential for the area south of Kingsford to be better integrated into the wider district, including the Inner West, and for additional employment and housing to be provided within this area if supported by a mass transit system.
The assessment of a potential mass transit corridor is to consider the following principles:
As part of the 1951 County of Cumberland Planning Scheme, a road reservation was set aside to connect Greater Sydney with the then planned Southern Freeway at Waterfall. The reservation, known as the F6 corridor, remains largely preserved and extends between St Peters and the M1 Princes Motorway.
Congestion along the Princes Highway (A1), King Georges Road (A3), Tom Ugly’s and Captain Cook Bridges is significant in peak times. Similarly, motorists using The Grand Parade also regularly experience heavy traffic through these busy corridors. Roads and Maritime Services is investigating a possible motorway link between the M1 Princes Motorway and the Sydney Motorway Network, known as the F6 Extension. This link was identified as a priority in the NSW Long Term Transport Master Plan 2012 and in the State Infrastructure Strategy Update 2014 for its substantial productivity benefits, ability to reduce congestion and support for growth in southern Sydney.
The 2017 development of the Future Transport Strategy and review of the State Infrastructure Strategy which will occur alongside the review of A Plan for Growing Sydney presents an opportunity to plan for the F6 Extension. Source: NSW Roads and Maritime Services, September 2016
Transport for NSW will investigate opportunities to enhance east-west public transport in the southern areas of the Central District, enabling connectivity between centres.
Freight and logistics activities are an economic facilitator in any city. This statement is true for every class of freight — from air to rail and container freight, to the local delivery of parcels in vans. Our land use planning must therefore recognise, support and mitigate impacts of freight delivery. Maintaining the productivity of the District’s freight network is an important consideration in this draft District Plan.
The Central District is a focus of the NSW freight network and connects the nation’s most heavily utilised road and rail network. It is home to Australia’s busiest airport and second largest container port. Sydney Airport and Port Botany in the south of the District play a vital role in Sydney’s economic growth.
Other important concentrations of freight activity include the area from Port Botany to Sydney Airport and Sydenham, the Cooks River Intermodal Terminal, the Enfield Intermodal Logistics Centre and Glebe Island-White Bay. These precincts are integral to the way freight is currently distributed around the city. They are also integral as inputs in production, construction and for export.
Further, Sydney City plays an important role as a premier shopping district, cultural hub, tourist centre and has recently been a major construction zone, all of which generates demand for a variety of freight tasks. Figure 3-17: Greater Sydney’s freight network Source: Transport for NSW (2016) WSIP: Western Sydney Infrastructure Plan
A number of factors such as the westward relocation of freight and logistics operations, increasing demand for small parcel deliveries, and anticipated growth in the daily commercial vehicle trips, are rapidly changing the nature of the freight task.
Increasing land values in Greater Sydney, establishment of major inland intermodal terminals such as at Moorebank, and plans for a new curfew-free Western Sydney Airport, are all expected to cause major freight and logistics operations (warehousing, consolidation and deconsolidation and intermodal terminals) to gravitate further west over time.
There is an increasing demand for centrally located resources for parcel deliveries as a result of the growth of e-commerce. Urban consumers are requiring a more diverse range of products and services to be delivered either directly to their homes, or to nearby commercial and retail hubs. Some sectors of the logistics services are being transformed by new takeaway food delivery businesses.
The highest concentration of parcel deliveries across Greater Sydney is in the Central District. This, combined with the curfew at Sydney Airport, and the consequent timing of parcel deliveries and collections often coincides with the morning and evening peaks, intensifying peak traffic congestion.
There is potential for efficiencies with parcel deliveries through site consolidations and collaboration between courier services. There are also opportunities to further encourage the use of delivery lockers in apartment buildings and at other locations such as at service stations.
Freight and logistics operations could also be managed more efficiently through appropriately located centralised third party logistic centres to take advantage of an increase in outsourcing warehouse and distribution functions, an increase in e-commerce, and last-mile logistics for just-in-time deliveries and fresh food which is needed in central locations.
High intensity, concentrated and increasingly automated warehousing facilities will be needed to productively support just-in-time supply chain operations in the District over time, offsetting increasing land values.
It is estimated that the Central District currently has 260,000 daily light commercial vehicle trips, representing 27% of all trips across Greater Sydney (the highest of all of Greater Sydney’s six districts). There is significant light goods activity in the Sydney City, Sydney Airport precinct, Mascot, Port Botany, Rhodes, Randwick and around the Enfield Intermodal Logistics Centre. Pockets of light commercial vehicle activity also occur in the west of the District.
According to the NSW Freight and Ports Strategy, the freight task in NSW is projected to nearly double to 794 million tonnes by 2031.
This projected increase highlights the need to ensure that the network keeps pace with growth, and that this growth is sustainable for the long term prosperity of the State. Despite the significant value of the industry, freight and logistics operations in the District are facing a number of challenges. These include road congestion and constrained landside capacity around the Airport and Port Botany.
To handle freight and logistics operations in a more efficient and sustainable manner, and to increase economic productivity associated with these activities, we must address the capacity constraints of the existing freight network. This includes supporting the efficient movement of goods from the Port, Airport and industrial precincts throughout the District and Greater Sydney.
A number of opportunities are already being investigated and designed to improve the efficient movement of freight within the District.
WestConnex was designed to improve regional freight movements and reduce traffic along some sections of Parramatta Road. It also aims to return local streets to local communities and enable urban renewal and improved transport services.
Planning along the WestConnex corridor should consider opportunities to improve pedestrian and cycling connections and enhance amenity. To achieve this, Transport for NSW (Roads and Maritime Services) will:
pg 70-73 Greater Sydney Commission Draft Central District Plan November 2016 downloaded 24Nov2016 from greater.sydney/draft-district-plans-update
Comment via greater.sydney/draft-district-plans-update