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50s Annandale: A Short Walk

Marghanita da Cruz will present a virtual tour of 1850s and 1950s Annandale. In the 1850s, a new Train line passed through the Annandale Estate and William Stanley Jevons came to live at Annangrove Cottage on the Parramatta Road.

Jevons left us descriptions of Annangrove and his walks home to the new Royal Mint where he worked as an Assayer.

Horse Drawn, Steam and electric Trams have all transported passengers along Parramatta Road until the 1950s.

This virtual tour will form the basis of Marghanita's seventh book in a series which presents Annandale's History as Short Walks.

At the end of the talk, there will be an opportunity to inspect the historic cottage and nearby sites.

Date: 2-4pm Saturday 29 April 2017
Location: Tetch Gallery, Annangrove Cottage, 245 Parramatta Road Annandale
Price: $15/$10 Concession
Bookings & Enquiries: 0414-869202, Email: marghanita@ramin.com.au

Anecdotal History

By Time, Places or People.

Annandale Building Styles


View larger map | Getting to Annandale

Pre-European

Captains Hunter, Collins & Johnston with Governor Phillip, Surgeon White &c. visiting a distressed female native of New South Wales at a hut near Port Jackson, 1793 trove.nla.gov.au

Colonial

The arrest of Governor Bligh, 1808 - sl.nsw.gov.au

Johnston's Estate, Annandale, 1877 / Samuel Elyard - sl.nsw.gov.au

painting of a house in fields with rocks in foregroundAnnandale House, Johnstone Estate / J. C. Hoyte, Mitchell Library, State Library of New South Wales

Annandale House, home of the Johnston family - . Annandale House was located between Macaulay and Albany Roads, in the Southern part of the Annandale estate in what is now Stanmore.

The entrance, Annandale House, which was demolished in 1905, the gates now stand in the Annandale Public School grounds

Georgian

Annan Grove Cottage, once a family home, then the Queen Victoria Maternity Hospital, now the Holy Family Convent (55-61 Albion Street)

Victorian

dirt road with a few large houses and kids standing around on the roadHouses and Terraces, Johnston Street, Annandale 1880)

Victorian two story residence and churchVictorian Two Story Residence with iron lace trimmings.

North Annandale Hotel, corner of Johnston and Booth Street. It was later clad with an Art Deco facade.

1886: Annandale Public School and Hunter Baillie School Hall

Gothic Revival

The Abbey, Witches Houses and Hunter Baillie Memorial Presbyterian Church are examples of Gothic Revival.

Arts and Crafts - Art Noveau - Federation

The 1886 Hunter Baillie School Hall, The Annandale Post Office and St Brendan's Presbytery, Annandale Police Station are examples of Arts and Crafts/Federation Architecture.

The timber ceiling and woodwork of the 1899 Annandale Chambers (upstairs hall) is very similar to the interior of the Hunter Baillie School Hall.

There are examples of Art Noveau Tiles on the fronts of steps of homes in Annandale.

There is a stunning example of Federation Tiles, with Australian Motifs, at 335 Parramatta Road, Leichhardt NSW 2040

Federation architecture featured sandstone, timber fretwork and the motif of the rising sun - to mark the new century. As it became a popular and recognisable architectural style, many earlier and later homes have been "Federated".

The Beale Piano Factory opened by Edmond Barton, Australia's first Prime Minister, in 1902. The adjoining house has a Sandstone Facade.

The Electricity Substation in Johnston Street, built in 1910 and the Water Board pumping stations are examples of Federation architecture featuring sandstone.

The Annandale Police Station has been identified as Federation Queen Anne.

Art Deco - Californian Bungalow

The Empire Hotel and North Annandale Hotel were clad with Art Deco facades. The Royal Theatre once stood next to the Annandale Post Office. The Olympia Theatre, on the Southern side of Parramatta Road, is now apartments.

Timber Kit Homes

blue and white house

Workers Cottages

1950s

1960s

1970s

Blocks of Flats

1980s

1990s

Owner builder - DIY renovations

New Millenium

grey building

Retention of Street Scapes/Facades

Substation site Annandale Street,

Demolition & Faux Terraces

74b Trafalgar Street

Heritage in Annandale

ANNANDALE URBAN CONSERVATION AREA is bounded by Parramatta Road, Macquarie Street and White's Creek in the west, Johnston's Creek, in the East, and the shoreline of Rozelle Bay in the North.
One of a number of conservation areas that collectively illustrate the nature of Sydney’s early suburbs and Leichhardt’s suburban growth particularly between 1871 and 1891, with pockets of infill up to the end of the 1930s (ie prior to World War II). This area is important as a well planned nineteenth-century suburb- Area 18 Annandale Conservation Area

The suburb of Annandale is located between the suburbs of Glebe and Leichhardt. Bounded by the City West Link Road to the north and Parramatta Road to the south, Annandale is a small suburb with a very distinct character. This character is shaped by its unique street pattern, dominated by a series of wide, north/south streets, and large terraces and cottages mostly oriented to the east and west....DCP Amendment No. 3 – 7 November 2001

Heritage Items in Annandale are listed in the Annandale Association Register of Buildings, National Trust Register, State Heritage Register (NSW) and Draft Leichhardt Local Environmental Plan 2011 some bear Historic Engineering Plaque

Engineering Heritage

"Technology is the branch of knowledge that deals with science and engineering, or its practice. It is ever ever-changing and accelerating in development.
Engineering is the practical application of technology into the social world in which we live.
Industry is the application of technology to produce goods for our social world...
- HERITAGE INFORMATION SERIES ENGINEERING AND INDUSTRIAL HERITAGE (2006)

Evidence of Engineering Heritage, in Annandale's footpaths, roads and backyards - there are 19th Century Earthen Ware Storm Water and Sewerage pipes and covers still in operation. Logos and Brandings of Telecom Australia, the PMG, the Sewerage Committee of Sydney City Council, Metropolitan Water Sewerage and Drainage Board, Gas Street Lighting was replaced by Sydney City Council Electric Light and 1948 Shell as well as Surveyors Markings.

. The Creeks have been converted into Storm Water Channels. Horse drawn vehicles gave way to steam, electricity, diesal and gas.

Rozelle Bay was once a busy timber wharf supplying logs for the Beale Piano Factory. Patents for a Cinema Sound System, Steel Piano Frame were commercialised in Annandale and Allen Taylor promoted and benefitted from the exploitation of NSW's Hardwood Timber of NSW and oversaw the deployment of electric light as a Sydney City Council Alderman, while living in Annandale.

Heritage

Cyclist, Large Fig tree and Concrete AqueductJohnstons Creek Sewage Aqueduct, Hogan/Spindlers Park, Off Nelson Street

White’s Creek Sewer [Sewage] Aqueduct

  • Johnstons Creek Stormwater Channel

    Whites Creek Stormwater Channel

  • Sewage Pumping Station

    Sewage Pumping Stations

  • BOOTH STREET (CNR with WIGRAM ROAD) Sewage Pumping Station 3 & Melocco Brothers Factory (former)

  • PARRAMATTA ROAD
    Sandstone Kerb - Parramatta Road (Various Sections From Annandale To Petersham) 1-13: RETAIL & RESIDENTIAL PREMISES
    105-119 CORNER JOHNSTON STREET GOODMAN'S BUILDINGS
    33-43: RETAIL & RESIDENTIAL PREMISES

  • JOHNSTON STREET (some properties have informative National Tust plaques at the footpath in front of the houses)

    2-12 JOHNSTON STREET GOODMAN'S BUILDINGS

    ALBION STREET Houses at 92-100

    25-31: ANNANDALE PUBLIC SCHOOL

    33-5,36,39-41 Houses

    36, 38- 40, 42, 46, 48, 50-52 Houses

    COLLINS STREET CORNER: HUNTER BAILLIE MEMORIAL PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH

    Single Story building with large steeped slate roof, balcony, fence and flagpolePolice Station at corner of Annandale and Collins Street

    St. Brendans Church St Joseph's Convent 36 Collins Street St. Brendon's Parish Home 34 Collins Street

    Semi Detached Villas at 13 & 15 COLLINS STREET, once the Annandale Post Office

    Electricity Substation No. 122 (12 Collins Street)

    60,61,64,Houses

    79 cream rendered two story building with balconyANNANDALE NEIGHBOURHOOD CENTRE formerly the Annandale Borough Chambers

    81A Annandale Uniting Church and Victory Hall

    99-103 The Colanade

    Annandale Post Office, cnr Booth Street

    127-129, Houses

    183-191 Houses

    Electricity Substation No. 15

    PIPER STREET CORNER, Hinsby Reserve and War Memorial

    198-212 NORTH ANNANDALE PUBLIC SCHOOL

    260-266 & 270-272 KENILWORTH, Henry Parkes' Residence at 260; HIGHROYD and HOCKINGDON known as the Witches' Houses; RATHO formerly GREBA; OYBIN; THE ABBEY(272).

    Sandstone retaining wall and steps (just after 300) Bayview Crescent Iron Palisade fence (remnant of John Young's property

    Railway Truss Bridge "Railway Truss Bridge: "The Annandale (Johnston Street) underbridge was constructed in c1920-21 as the final part of the Metropolitan Goods Line linking the Darling Harbour Goods Yard with the Rozelle Yard...an example of a modified Pratt-truss design bridge. The Pratt truss design was preferred for railway use in NSW after 1892, with riveted-steel construction for railway bridges becoming the standard from this time. " - www.heritage.nsw.gov.au

    Sandstone retaining wall(The Crescent)

    NELSON STREET HOUSES at 11A,133-135

    TAYLOR STREET OFF, IN HOGAN PARK: JOHNSTON'S CREEK SEWER AQUEDUCT

    TRAFALGAR STREET

    20, 39-41: HOUSES

    43-47: NORTH'S/BEALE'S PIANO FACTORY
    embossed steel plate

    205-217,257-259: HOUSES

    VIEW STREET Houses at 24 & 26, 75- 79,82-102

  • Railway Heritage

    "The Annandale (Railway Parade) railway bridge has local significance as an integral part of a separate railway network built between 1910 and 1922 for freight trains to traverse the metropolitan area independent of the passenger train network...Railcorp S170 Register"
    "A single-span, riveted-steel half-through Pratt truss of 27.43 m (90 feet) span across the full width of Railway Parade. The span is supported by brick abutments. Overhead frames carry electric wires for the double-track light rail system which crosses the bridge." (http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/heritageapp/ViewHeritageItemDetails.aspx?ID=4803231, viewed 7 Jan 2013)

    Viaduct Federal Park

    Railway Parade Row of mature phoenix canariensis palms defining open space and associated with Inter War Period plantings.www.heritage.nsw.gov.au

    ANNANDALE STREET Houses at 181,214,342,345,352-354